Esferas de Navidad, coloridas obras de arte

La fabricación de esferas de Navidad, en cuanto a adornos de la temporada se refiere, es la especialidad en Chignahuapan y Tlalpujahua. ¡Descubre cómo llegar y llévate las más bellas a casa!

 

La esfera es uno de los elementos que nunca faltan en la decoración navideña mexicana. El Especial de Navidad 2011 de México Desconocidote dice dónde se fabrican esferas navideñas desde hace décadas y donde comprar esferas a los mejores precios. Son dos los destinos pioneros en la producción de esta artesanía: el Pueblo Mágico de Tlalpujahua, en Michoacán,y Chignahuapan, en Puebla.

En México, las esferas son elaboradas con la técnica del vidrio soplado y es considerada una artesanía, más que un simple adorno de decoración en navidad, por el empeño y creatividad que aplican los fabricantes. Además de la herencia que ha traspasado este arte de generación en generación y que lo ha enriquecido tanto en técnica como en creatividad, ya que es posible encontrar tantos tipos y diseños de esferas como la imaginación lo permita.

Tlalpujahua, manos maestras

El bello pueblo de Tlalpujahua fue fundado en el siglo XVI. De acuerdo con algunas tradiciones, es desde el año 1558 que se han explotado los metales preciosos de esta región. Sin embargo, tras la decadencia de la minería en los años treinta del siglo XX, Tlalpujahua estaba lista para convertirse en pueblo fantasma. Pero tres décadas más tarde una nueva industria la devolvió al camino de la prosperidad: la fabricación de esferas navideñas. Hoy, gran parte de la población local se gana la vida haciendo éstas, así como todo tipo de adornos para fin de año.

Aquí, es común encontrarse por doquier con tiendas y talleres que se dedican a la venta de esferas. La variedad de los arreglos, adornos de navidad, objetos decorativos y esferas es enorme, y suele costar la mitad o menos de lo que vale en las tiendas del resto del país. Te recomendamos revisar con calma varias tiendas para encontrar las esferas de navidad que más se adapten a tu gusto. Noviembre y diciembre son obviamente los principales meses de venta y en ellos se llevan a cabo ferias y exposiciones adicionales. Además, el invierno es la mejor temporada para hacer una visita al cercano Santuario de la Mariposa Monarca.

Si durante esta temporada quieres también ser testigo del proceso defabricación de las esferas, te recomendamos mejor ir a Tlalpujahua entre semana, ya que los productores prefieren pasar sus fines de semana vendiendo sus creaciones. Otras artesanías que se producen en esta localidad son los cuadros en popote, el arte plumario (semi extinto), las esculturas de cantera y los alambroides. ¡Pregunta por ellos!
¿Cómo llegar a Tlalpujahua?
Tlalpujahua se encuentra a 138 km al este de Morelia. Para llegar, es necesario tomar la autopista núm. 15 con rumbo a Maravatío y continuar por una carretera estatal que lleva a Tlalpujahua.

Chignahuapan, donde la esfera se hace color

Chignahuapan es un poblado de riqueza natural y cultural; famoso por sus toros de lidia, su balneario de aguas termales y sus iglesias. Ahí, el Santuario de la Inmaculada Concepción resguarda una estatua de Nuestra de Señora de 12 m de altura. También son interesantes la Parroquia de Santiago Apóstol con sus bellos retablos barrocos y la Iglesia del Honguito, llamada así por la imagen de Cristo crucificado que está plasmada en un hongo petrificado.

Pero una de las más coloridas tradiciones de navidad no sólo le han dado fama en México a Chignahuapan; las esferas navideñas le han dado trascendencia internacional debido a que aquí se producen más de 60 millones de esferas al año.

En Chignahuapan hay alrededor de 100 talleres que se han creado a partir de las generosas enseñanzas de don Rafael Méndez Núñez, dueño del primer centro de esferas de Chignahuapan.

En la actualidad, durante la primera semana de noviembre se realiza la Feria Nacional del Árbol y la Esfera, donde los fabricantes de esta famosa artesanía y otros adornos navideños, muestran todas sus obras a los visitantes que llegan con la expectativa de sorprenderse y llevarse algo a casa.

¿Cómo llegar a Chignahuapan?
Chignahuapan se encuentra a 19 km al sur de Zacatlán de las Manzanas, por la carretera núm. 119.

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